Tax you pay on pensions and annuities
When you take money from your pension pot, 25% is tax free. You pay Income Tax on the other 75%.
Your tax-free amount doesn’t use up any of your Personal Allowance – the amount of income you don’t have to pay tax on. The standard Personal Allowance is £11,000.
The amount of tax you pay depends on your total income for the year and your tax rate.
How each Pension Option is Taxed
This table gives an overview of how much tax you may pay on the money you take from your pension pot.
The pension options
What’s tax free
Leave your pot untouched
Your whole pot while it’s untouched is tax free
Nothing while your pot is untouched is taxable
Guaranteed income (annuity)
25% of your pot before you buy an annuity is tax free
Income from the annuity is taxable
25% of your pot before you invest in an adjustable income is tax free
Income you get from your investment is taxable
Take cash in chunks
25% of each amount you take out is tax free
75% of each amount you take out is taxable
Take your whole pot in one go
25% of your whole pot is tax free
75% of your whole pot is taxable
Mix your options
Any tax free amount depends on the options you mix
Taxable amount depends on the options you mix
Other Tax you Could Pay
You could also pay Income Tax on:
- your State Pension
- earnings from employment or self-employment
- any other income, e.g. money from rental income, savings, investments
- any taxable benefits you might get e.g. Carer’s Allowance
The 25% Tax-free Amount
There are 2 ways you can take your tax-free amount.
Take it all in one go
You can take 25% as a lump sum without paying tax. If you do this, you can’t leave the remaining 75% untouched. You must either:
- buy a guaranteed income (annuity)
- get an adjustable income (flexi-access drawdown)
- take the whole pot as cash
Example Your pot is £60,000 and you take £15,000 – this is your tax-free lump sum. You buy an annuity with the remaining £45,000 which pays you £2,000 a year. This money is taxable.
Take it in chunks
You can take smaller cash sums from your pension pot without paying tax. 25% of each chunk is tax free.
Example Your pot is £60,000 and you take £1,000 every month – £250 of this is tax free. The remaining £750 is taxable.
How your Tax is Paid
Money you take from your pot comes from your provider with the tax already taken off.
Your provider will also take off any tax due on your State Pension.
You may pay emergency tax when you take money from your pot. You can claim this back from HM Revenue and Customs.
If you continue to work
Your employer will take any tax you owe off your earnings and your State Pension. This is called Pay As You Earn (PAYE).
If your total income (including money from pensions and PAYE) is £100,000 or more for the tax year, or if you’re self-employed, you’ll have to fill in a Self-Assessment tax return.
If you have other income
You’re responsible for paying tax on other income you have, e.g. from property or investments, and you might have to fill in a Self-Assessment tax return.
You usually pay tax if your pension pots are worth more than the lifetime allowance. This is currently £1 million.